Anup Joshi is the Assistant Director of The Carbon Institute. He is also a Program Coordinator and Research Associate at the University of Minnesota.


Dr. Anup Joshi recently developed a Reference Emission Level (RL) for Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal, a sub-national REDD+ project. Anup used LANDSAT satellite data, high-resolution Rapid Eye imagery, aerial photos and topographic maps, to analyze deforestation and forest degradation in TAL between 1999 and 2011. Anup is currently working with the government and non-government agencies in Nepal and Thailand, to develop MRV protocols and activities to accurately measure, monitor, report and verify forest carbon stocks for successful implementation of performance based REDD+ programs at sub-national and national levels. Anup was also a course instructor for the advanced Terrestrial Carbon Accounting Certificate held at the University of California, San Diego in 2013.


Fields of Interest

Forest carbon monitoring
Large mammal conservation
Habitat management and restoration through community participation
Use of Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing for landscape level planning and management
Training manpower to strengthen community-based conservation



Since 1984 Anup has been involved in wildlife conservation and management in lowlands of Nepal. He studied spacing behavior of the common palm civet and natural history and movement patterns of the sloth bear in the Chitwan National Park, Nepal. During these studies it became clear that the protected areas alone are not sufficient to for long term conservation of large mammals. Therefore, he extended his studies to include habitat extension and restoration and motivating local communities to create a community forest. He initiated the Baghmara Community Forest in the buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park . This became the model for the Buffer Zone Act of 1993. Following this model, local communities with help from national and international agencies have extended community forests to cover more than 5,000 ha of degraded and overgrazed lands adjacent to the park. The Baghmara Community Forest also help to extend the community forestry user group movement from the middle hills to the Nepalese lowlands.


He used a GIS model to show the possibility of linking 11 protected areas in the Terai or lowlands of Nepal and India to maintain dispersal and gene flow for tigers and other large mammals. This model developed into the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) Project by World Wildlife Fund (WWF). As a Project Scientist for WWF he developed a 10-year strategic plan for TAL; analyzed forest conditions of TAL based on satellite data using Remote Sensing.


His goal is to use latest available scientific tools to design, develop, coordinate, implement, monitor and evaluate natural resource management strategies to maximize wildlife conservation and ecosystems services. He brings to this effort a strong belief in a multi-stakeholder and interdisciplinary approach that encompasses collaboration of ecologists, sociologists and economists working with local communities, government agencies.


Selected Publications

  • Joshi, A.R., K. Tegel, U. Manandhar, N. Aguilar-Amuchastegui, N. Chand, R. B. Dangi, A.N. Das, E. Dinerstein, A. Eivazi, L. Gamble, B. Gautam, K. Gunia, M. Gunia, D. Hall, J. Hämäläinen,  M. Hawkes, A. Joshi, C. Joshi,V. Junttila, S. K. Gautam, Y. Kandel, P. Kandel, T. Kauranne, R. Koirala, A. Kolesnikov, P. Latva-Käyrä,  S. Lohani, S. M. Nepal, J. Niles, U. Nocker, B.N. Oli1, J. Peuhkurinen, Y. Pokharel, G. Powell, P. Rana, S.M. Shrestha, T. Suihkonen, G. J. Thapa. (In press). An accurate REDD+ Reference Level for Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal using LiDAR Assisted Multi-source Program (LAMP). Banko Jankari 2014.
  • Smith, J.L.D., C. McDougal, B. Gurung, N. Shrestha, M. Shrestha, T. Allendorf, A. R. Joshi, and N. Dhakal. 2010. Securing the Future for Nepal’s Tigers: Lessons from the Past and Present. In Ronald Tilson and Philip J. Nvhus (eds.). Tigers of the World (2 nd ed.). Elsivier Press.
  • Wikramanayake, E., M. McKnight, E. Dinerstein, A. Joshi, B. Gurung, and D. Smith. 2004.Designing a Conservation Landscape for Tigers in Human-Dominated Environments. Conservation Biology 18 (3) : 839-844.
  • Joshi, A. R., M.K. Shrestha, J.L.D. Smith, and S. Ahearn. 2003. Forest classification of Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) based on LANDSAT7 satellite data. A report submitted to the World Wildlife Fund, Washington, D.C. 44 pp.
  • Joshi, A. R. 2002. Terai Arc Landscape: A New Approach for Conservation. World Wildlife Fund, Washington , D.C. 69 pp.
  • Joshi, A. R., E. Dinerstein, and J. L. D. Smith. 2002. The Terai Arc: Managing Tigers and Other Wildlife as Metapopulation. In Terristrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: Conservation Assessment by Wikramanayake, E., E. Dinerstein, C. J. Loucks et al. Island Press. 645 pp
  • Ahearn, S. C., J. L.D. Smith, A. R. Joshi, and J. Ding. 2001. TIGMOD: an individual-based spatially explicit model for simulating tiger/human interaction in multiple use forests. Ecological Modeling, 140: 81-97.
  • Garshelis, D.L., Joshi, A.R., and Smith, J.L.D. 2000. Estimating Density and Relative Abundance of Sloth Bears. Ursus, 11: 87-98.
  • Joshi, A.R. 1999. Landscape Scale Assessment of the Chitwan-Parsa-Valmiki Tiger Conservation. WWF Nepal Program, Kathmandu . 55 pp.
  • Smith, J. L. D., C. McDougal, S.C. Ahearn, A. R. Joshi, and K. Conforti. (1999) . Metapopulation Structure of Tigers in Nepal . In Riding the Tiger: Tiger Conservation in Human-dominated Landscapes. Edited by J. Seidensticker, S. Christie and P. Jackson. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 176-191.
  • Joshi, A. R., J. L. D. Smith, and D. L. Garshelis. 1999. Sociobiology of the Myrmecophagous Sloth Bear in Nepal. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77 (11) : 1690-1704.
  • Garshelis, D. L., A. R. Joshi, J. L. D. Smith and C. G. Rice. 1999. Action Plan for Sloth Bears. IUCN Species Survival Commission. In Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Compiled by C. Servheen, S. Herrero , and B. Peyton. IUCN/SSC Bear and Polar Bear Specialist groups. IUCN, Gland , Switzerland . Pp. 225-240.
  • Joshi, A. R., D. L. Garshelis, and J. L. D. Smith. 1997. Seasonal and Habitat-related Diets of Sloth Bear in Nepal. Journal of Mammalogy, 78 (2): 584-597.
  • Joshi, A. R., D. L. Garshelis, and J. L. D. Smith. 1995. Home Ranges of Sloth Bears in Nepal : Implication for Conservation. Journal of Wildlife Management, 59 (2) : 204-214.
  • Joshi, A. R., J. L. D. Smith, and F. J. Cuthbert. 1995. Influence of Food Distribution and Predation Pressure on Spacing Behavior in Palm Civets. Journal of Mammalogy, 76 (4) : 1205-1212.